The Ubiquitous "108"

When practicing Buddhism, one encounters the number 108 : 108 prostrations and 108 beads on a string of prayer beads. Why 108? Why not an even 100 or perhaps 183? The answer lies somewhere in the mystic relevance of the number "3" in a variety of environments, as well as in Buddhism:

* 3 digits add up to 9
1 + 0 + 8 = 9

* 3 is amultiple of 9

9 ÷ 3 = 3; 9 − 3 − 3 − 3 = 0

* 3 and 9 aremultiples of 108
108 ÷ 3 = 36; 108 ÷ 9 = 12

* The expression1^{1} × 2^{2} × 3^{3} = 108

is known as thehyperfactorial of 108

* 3 is a

* 3 and 9 are

* The expression

is known as the

and notice the patterns of numbers used by ancient peoples to describe their world.

* the number "108" appears in a fair number of video games , including Pokoman and Batman

* 108 bodilypressure points targeted in East Asian martial arts

* 108degrees of each interior angle of a pentagon (five sides ; five angles
are each 108 degrees )

* 108 degrees Fahrenheit (42°C) is the threshold temperature for human internalorgans to begin failing

* 108suitors pursuing Odysseus's wife in Homer's *Odyssey*

*"1-0-8" is the toll-free emergency telephone number in India

* 108earthly temptations that a practicing Buddhist must overcome to achieve Nirvana

* 108gongs of a Japanese Buddhist temple bell ushering in the New Year; each gong represents one of the 108 earthly temptations

* 108defilements defined in Buddhism

* 108steps leading up to some temples

#### References to "3":

"3" is the "smallest odd prime number" (0 and 1 are not considered); the "smallest even prime number" is "2" and the smallest odd number is "3" .

* 3 supportlegs (or pods), such as three-legged tables, chairs, or tripods, is the most stable arrangement of ground contacts: four-legged tables can wobble; three-legged tables cannot wobble.

* 3-dimensional space is our normal view of the world (Length, Width, and Height)

* "3", to some people, is the number that represents the"Supreme Balance" of Mind, Body, and Spirit

* "3" represents thethree entities of the "Holy Trinity" (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit)

* the symbol "3" hasthree angles in the Hindu-Arabic forms of these number symbols; "0" has zero angles, "1" has one angle, and "8" has eight angles

* "3" is the number ofprimary colors seen by the human eye: red, green, blue ("additive colors" ), not to be confused with the "subtractive colors" of magenta, cyan, yellow. All colors of the rainbow are a blend of the the three additive primary colors; the subtractive colors are used in printing and in both film and digital photography

* 3,pi=3.14159265359… , as an approximate ratio of the circumference to the diameter of a circle.

### Further Explorations of 108

* Surf here for excellent graphic and video lessons that reduce the mystique of mathematics

* An extended and fanciful excursion into the number 108 is at Math Hombre; also worth viewing is a discussion about the Greek Golden Ratio

* Informative text and interesting graphics are presented at Magic-African-Creative-Energy

* 108 bodily

* 108

* 108 degrees Fahrenheit (42°C) is the threshold temperature for human internal

* 108

*

* 108

* 108

* 108

* 108

* 3 support

* 3-

* "3", to some people, is the number that represents the

* "3" represents the

* the symbol "3" has

* "3" is the number of

* 3,

* An extended and fanciful excursion into the number 108 is at Math Hombre; also worth viewing is a discussion about the Greek Golden Ratio

* Informative text and interesting graphics are presented at Magic-African-Creative-Energy

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